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Oil Painting Skills and Introduction

Setback is the root of the brush pen color pen method, press the pen after a little, frustration and then raised, such as the calligraphy of the front line pen, vigorous and strong. Pen and pen dipped into the color difference, according to the direction of the weight of the pen can produce a variety of changes and interesting.

With a wide brush or fan-shaped pen dipped in color after the tap on the screen technique called the film. Shoot can produce a certain ups and downs texture, neither very obvious, but not too simple, but also handle the original too strong brushwork or color, to weaken.

Rubbing refers to the screen two or several different colors directly with the pen method, the color of the natural mixture after the change, access to subtle and bright colors and shading contrast, and can play the role of transitional convergence .Albert Bierstadt art for sale

Line refers to the lines sketched with a pen, oil painting hook lines generally use the soft cents of the tip of the thread, but in different styles, round, school-shaped and old flat pen can also outline a book like strong center-like thick lines. East-West painting is the beginning of the line with the shape, in the early paintings are usually accurate and precise outline of the lines drafted, Tan Peila technique in the formation of the main method of light and shade method. Western oil painting later evolved into light and body and body-based, but nevertheless, oil painting midline factors never disappear. Slim, bold. Neat or random, and repeated cross-stitching the use of a variety of lines, so that language is more rich oil painting, the treatment of different physical edges is very important. Oriental painting with the line also affected a lot of Western modern masters style, such as Matisse, Van Gogh, Picasso, Miro and Kerry are the master of the line.

Oil painting
Oil painting is the main painting in Western painting a species. Painted with quick-drying oil, paints are drawn on painted canvas, board, thick paper or wall art. Early painting with "Tempere" (Tempere) painting, that is, with egg yolk or egg white as the withered ore mineral pigment paint painting, and then for a thin and transparent oil cover on the painting. The 15th century, the Dutch painter Van Eyck brothers to use linseed oil and walnut oil and other fast-drying oil as a modifier, the color easy to reconcile, is widely used. Characteristics for the pen freely, and layers of laying, improve color brightness, can more fully demonstrate the object's realism and rich color effects. Since then, new materials and new techniques quickly spread throughout Europe. Van Eyck Brothers is thus called the creator of European oil painting. At the beginning of the 20th century, more and more oil painters appeared in China. Li Shutong (1880-1952) studied oil painting and introduced the technique to China.

Sweep is often used to connect two adjacent blocks of color, so that not too stiff, while the color is not dry when a clean fan-shaped pen gently sweep can achieve this purpose. But also in the bottom of the color on the color pen to another sweep up and down to produce staggered, loose and not tired of the color effect of death.

Refers to the use of hard bristle brush dipped in color after the pen's head to stamp the paint on the screen vertically. Stamping method is not very common, usually only in the local need special texture when applied.

Emulsion material
Emulsion material is a kind of excellent traditional material with a long history, which has got a new development in modern times. The emulsion-type material is a mixed-type material containing both a water-based and an oil-based component, and the advantages of both are also met. A variety of Tampere painting materials such as egg color, cheese color and wax materials are all emulsion series. Emulsion material can be diluted with water, drying speed, similar to water-based materials; can be thick opaque coating, dry and insoluble in water, but also has the advantages of oil-based materials. All kinds of modern propylene, ethylene synthetic pigments retains the characteristics of the traditional emulsion materials, but also has the advantages of oily materials, and there are other materials can not replace the effect, is a great development of new materials.

Oily materials
The use of oily materials and natural resins as the main medium for painting is oil painting, which is the traditional egg color and egg white and other emulsion-based materials evolved. Oily material is characterized by slow drying, shiny and can be covered repeatedly coated with thick. Oily material has a strong expression and rich technical effect, it can be said that almost all the other materials and paintings include the technical characteristics of species. The characteristics of the oily material allow to delineate the shape of the object in depth, which can show the rich and lifelike color relation of the object, which accords with the desire of the people to reproduce the visual reality in the 14th century and promote the development of the western painting to the realism. Oil painting after the birth ~ straight in the Western painting dominated, and worldwide development, which also proved the superiority of oily materials. The transition from water-based materials to oily materials is a long process of change that has lasted for thousands of years and is a major breakthrough in painting techniques and even in art history. The use of oil and resin is one of the important features that distinguishes western painting material techniques from oriental painting techniques.

Pull is sometimes need to draw a strong line of painting and objects such as the edge of the sharp edge of the sword or glass, such as the side of the glass, then use the knife to align the color with the blade side of the color on the screen pull the color line or color , Painting a solid shape to draw a certain affirmation, is a brush or other methods difficult to achieve.


Rub is the pen recumbent, brush the abdomen in the screen drum wipe, usually wipe with less color when a large area can be formed not very obvious strokes, but also shop the underlying color of the common method. In the dry background or the ups and downs of the texture on the brush with the brush method can draw a similar effect of Chinese painting white, so that the underlying texture is more obvious.

It is the bottom of the knife in the wet color layer gently press down after the mention, the color of the surface will have a special texture. In some of the need to depict a special texture of the place with suppression techniques can achieve the desired results.

Water-based materials
The earliest use of human pigment is based on water-soluble materials. It is natural that diluents and binders, such as water, gum or animal gum, were naturally used in the early paintings as natural pigments. They were easy to draw and simple to use, which was consistent in the early Eastern and Western paintings. Today's watercolors and gouache pigments are all water-based media, the expression of free, smooth, can produce light, transparent effect, but also Chinese painting, Japanese painting and other oriental painting the main material type.

Oil painting materials
Oil painting materials can be divided into base material, oil paint and media agent material three categories. The base material is the backing material and the sub-base paint which carries the paint layer. Oil paint is the main material that directly expresses the color and texture effect of painting. Media agent material is used to adjust the pigments and make it together with the base material of the various diluents, binders and polish and so on.

Puzzle method is to use a knife instead of the brush, like a mason with a mud ring as the mud to the color of paint to the canvas up, leaving the knife marks directly. The thickness and shape of the knife, as well as the direction of the knife, can also produce a wealth of contrast. With a knife to retrieve different colors do not make too much blending, let the natural mixture on the screen can produce subtle color relationships. Fluctuating color of the layer can also be used to build the puzzle. Puzzle method, if used properly, will have a strong sense of shape

Draw a blade with a knife in the dry color on the description of the negative lines and shapes can sometimes reveal the underlying color. Different painting knife can produce different thickness of the thickness and brush strokes and brush strokes and the benefits of the techniques generated by the color surface point, line, surface of the ups and downs of the texture changes.

Point - all the law from the beginning, all the strokes are starting at the point. As early as the classical Tan Peila technique, the dot painting method is an important level of performance skills. In Vermeer's works also used the point of the brush strokes to express the light of the flicker and texture. Impressionist color pencil method has become one of its basic characteristics, but Monet, Renoir and Pissarro and other points of the law, respectively, have different changes and personality. New Impressionism is to the extreme, the mechanical point as its only brushwork. Modern realistic painting also has to use the density of points to produce light and dark levels, can cause certainly not rigid transition. Point method in the synthesis of painting and lines and decency can produce rich contrast, with different shapes and texture of the oil brush can produce different point-like brush strokes, the performance of some objects can play a unique role in the texture.

Scraping is the basic use of oil painting knife, scraping method is generally scraped with the blade on the picture is not ideal part of the painting can also be unnecessary to scraping the details or weaken the relationship is too strong, so that tension is relaxed picture relationship . Long-term work at the end of the day often need to finish the painting part of the color scraped with a knife in order to dry in time to be painted the next day. Dry color can also be used after the knife or razor to scrape the rough at some level. But also in the color layer is not dry with a knife to scratch, so that exposed the background to show a variety of texture.

If the point painting and sketching method is the formation of oil painting point and line means, then Tu is the composition of the oil painting system, the surface of the main method. Painting methods are flat coating, thick coating and thin coating, etc., but also to the impressionist point color method known as the scattered coating. Flat painting is the main method of painting a large area of ??color, even the flat painting is also commonly used decorative painting techniques. Thick painting is a painting different from the other main characteristics of the pen, the paint can produce a certain thickness and leave a clear brush strokes and the formation of texture. With a knife to squeeze a very thick paint or paint directly onto the canvas, can be called heap Tu. Thin Xu is the color of the oil diluted thinly painted screen, can produce a transparent or translucent effect. San Tu is the use of the pen is flexible, Qiyun vivid. Combined with the sweep of the coating method is also called halo.

Paint the paint directly on the canvas without making more changes that pendulum, pendulum is one of the basic brushwork. Pendulum method commonly used in the beginning and end of the painting to a certain color and accurate strokes to find the color and shape of the relationship, often only a few strokes at the key office can make the picture change, of course, before writing should be done before the bamboo Work. Wipe - the brush is the pen recumbent, brush the abdomen in the screen drum wipe, usually wipe with less color when a large area can be formed not very obvious strokes, but also shop the underlying color of the common method. In the dry background or the ups and downs of the texture on the brush with the brush method can draw a similar effect of Chinese painting white, so that the underlying texture is more obvious.